How to survive dating a marine
Note the pores leading into the internal rostral organ, a feature unique to the coelacanth. Although Latimeria is a genus distinct from the fossil forms, all coelacanths share numerous features and are easily recognized by their distinctive shape and lobed fins.
The first living coelacanth was discovered in 1938 and bears the scientific name Latimeria chalumnae. For many years, living coelacanths were known only from the western Indian Ocean, primarily from the Comoros Islands, but in September 1997 and again in July 1998, coelacanths were captured in northern Sulawesi, Indonesia, nearly 6,000 miles to the east of the Comoros. Erdmann, then a doctoral student from UC Berkeley studying coral reef ecology in Indonesia.
However, like paleontology, the data for paleoanthropology is found mainly in the fossil record.
Before examining this evidence, it is necessary to first learn what fossils are and how they are formed.
Right: A close-up of the snout of an Indonesian coelacanth. Smith in 1939 and was named after its discoverer, Miss Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer.
One female contained five full-term pups, each approximately 14" long, and the other had twenty six pups of approximately the same size.
The coelacanth is a "passive drift feeder," moving slowly and passively near the substrate where it feeds primarily on cephalopods (cuttlefish, squid, and octopus) and fishes.
Two confirmed captures (only one specimen preserved) occurred in Indonesia, off the island of Manado Tua at the northeastern tip of Sulawesi.
These captures were followed by sightings of two more specimens from a submersible approximately 225 miles southwest of Manado Tua.