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Jordan at times has asserted that the Dead Sea Scrolls belong to them.Although the term Dead Sea Scrolls usually refers to the scrolls found at Qumran, there have been scrolls found in caves at other sites in the Judean Desert that are considered Dead Sea Scrolls.Abegg Jr., a professor at Trinity Western University who led the team that analyzed the fragment, in the book "Dead Sea Scrolls Fragments in the Museum Collection."A highlight from the Schøyen Collection is a fragment containing part of the Book of Leviticus.In the fragment text, God promises that if the Sabbath is observed and the Ten Commandments are obeyed, the people of Israel will be rewarded."If you walk according to my laws, and keep my commandments and implement them, then I will grant your rains in their season, so that the earth shall yield its produce and the trees of the field their fruit," part of the fragment reads (translation by Torleif Elgvin)."I will grant peace in the land, and you shall lie down untroubled by anyone; and I will exterminate vicious beasts from the land, and no sword shall cross your land," the fragment continues.Some of the Bedouin sold their scrolls in Bethlehem through an antiquities dealer named Khalil Iskander Shahin, who went by the name "Kando." Shahin died in 1993 and his son William Kando now runs his business and estate.
Qumran and its caves are located in the West Bank, a territory captured by Israel from Jordan during the Six-Day War in 1967.
The 25 newly published scroll fragments were purchased by two separate collectors.
[Gallery of Dead Sea Scrolls: A Glimpse of the Past]Between 20, Steve Green, the owner of Hobby Lobby, a chain of arts and crafts stores, purchased 13 of the fragments, which he has donated, along with thousands of other artifacts, to the Museum of the Bible.
The provenance of this batch of scrolls is not certain."Some of these fragments must have come from Qumran, probably Cave 4, while the others may have derived from other sites in the Judean Desert," wrote Emanuel Tov, a professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in the book volume.
"Unfortunately, little is known about the provenance of these fragments because most sellers did not provide such information at the time of the sale."Antiquities dealer William Kando told Live Science that he doesn't know where the donated fragments originated.